Principles of pipeline assembly
In order for a pipeline to be durable, usable and reliable for the period of three years, it ought to be assembled in line with specific guidelines.
What are the basic principles of mounting pipes?
Check the below description.
Installation of pipelines in line with documentation
While installing pipes remember about several key issues.
Above all, assembling industrial pipelines should be realized in line with the attached documentation and design concerning a given order.
It is allowed to introduce corrections in justified cases in the scope, among others, of improving the functionality or liquidating potential collisions, but these changes ought to always gain the acceptance of the designer.
Each pipeline within the node must be installed on supports by the ceiling or by the walls.
In a situation when stable assembly of supports is an impossible task, it is worth to install additional special structure that will support the pipes on the floor.
Methods of pipe connection
Apart from the location of pipes it is important also to properly connect them.
The quality as well as method of connections will impact the stability and safety of the whole construction.
The technique depends, above all, on the material from which a pipe was made.
The most wide-spread methods include: glued systems, torsion, manual pressing, threading of pipes.
Some of them are based on fixed connections, while others may be disassembled multiple times and then joined back together.
Threading is applied in case of steel galvanised pipes.
This process is carried out by specialists by means of professional devices and machines such as electrical pipe thread cutters, manual, ratchet thread cutters, bolt threaders or groovers.
In order to correctly perform it, one must apply a specialist oil for threading on even, clean ends of pipes and then cut the thread in line with chasers, that is the selected tips.
A pipe thread cutter must be applied on a pipe and then tightened to the workpiece.
As a result of its rotation in different directions it is possible to obtain the final shape of the thread.
It is also possible to connect steel pipes without threading.
To do so one must apply special couplings.
Pipes from polybutylene, polypropylene or other plastics are normally connected via other methods.
It is possible to glue, turn, press or clench them.
The first method is a good choice in case of PVC pipes.
It consists of lubricating with the right glue of the external surface of one and internal side of the other pipe followed by inserting one into the other.
Turning is an adequate solution in case of assembling pipelines and devices, armature from another material than pipes.
The process of welding must be conducted by means of a welder, welding a pipe permanently with an adequate coupling under the impact of high temperature.
Clenching is a recommended choice while joining multi-layer pipes as well as systems from steel or copper.
It consists of a permanent connection of pipes and couplings equipped in rubber by means of proper tools.
Professional assembly of devices
The correct functioning of a pipeline is impacted also by reliable functioning of devices that operate side by side to it.
Equipment such as, among others, pumps, filters, heat exchangers and control valves ought to be installed in a manner ensuring easy and fact access.
One ought to mount them in a location strictly specified in the relevant technical-renovation documentation.